Volume 5, Issue 4 (Shenakht Journal of Psychology and Psychiatry 2018)                   Shenakht Journal of Psychology and Psychiatry 2018, 5(4): 63-77 | Back to browse issues page

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Nasri S, Nazari M A, Maiqani E, Shahrokhi H, Goodarzi I. Risk-taking and behavioral inhibition interaction in ADHD- with and without conduct disorder- compared with control children. Shenakht Journal of Psychology and Psychiatry 2018; 5 (4) :63-77
URL: http://shenakht.muk.ac.ir/article-1-494-en.html
1- , University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran , sqinasri@gmail.com
2- department of Psychology, cognitive neuroscience laboratory, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
3- University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
4- Research center of psychiatry and behavioral sciences, Tabriz university of medical science. Tabriz, Iran.
5- Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Sharekord, Iran
Abstract:   (3486 Views)
Introduction: Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder is associated with impulsivity and behavioral inhibition deficits, Risk taking is the important aspect of impulsive behavior.
Aim: The purpose of this study was to Comparison of risk-taking regarding behavioral inhibition deficits in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) with and without conduct disorder (CD) and compared with control children.
Method: 37 male children with ADHD (23 ADHD only and 14 ADHD with conduct disorder (ADHD+CD)) were selected by purposive sampling method and performed Balloon Analog Risk Task (BART) and Go-Nogo task to measure risk taking and behavioral inhibition, and compared with 18 normal children. The data was analyzed by ANOVA, MANOVA and MANCOVA.
Results: Data analysis demonstrated that ADHD+CD group has the highest risk taking followed by ADHD and control group without considering of behavioral inhibition; although comparing to control group, ADHD+CD group has meaningless difference by arranging behavioral inhibition deficits, even though ADHD group has the same risk taking scores in compared with control group both considering behavioral inhibition deficits.
Conclusion: This finding suggested that ADHD children have impulsivity because of behavioral inhibition deficits, while it would not be able to predict destructive behavior and risky activities in ADHD+CD in compared with ADHD by itself, also it could be a high risk taking pattern.
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Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: Special
Received: 2018/06/28 | Accepted: 2018/10/21 | Published: 2018/11/15

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