Volume 9, Issue 2 (Shenakht Journal of Psychology and Psychiatry 2022)                   Shenakht Journal of Psychology and Psychiatry 2022, 9(2): 1-15 | Back to browse issues page


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Sarlak M, Lotfi Kashni F, Mirhashmi M. Use of structural modeling to explain high school students obsessive beliefs based on symptoms of stress, anxiety, and depression, metacognitive beliefs, and self-esteem: The mediating role of inferential confusion. Shenakht Journal of Psychology and Psychiatry 2022; 9 (2) :1-15
URL: http://shenakht.muk.ac.ir/article-1-1480-en.html
1- PhD Student, Department of Psychology, Roudehen Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
2- Associate Professor, Department of Clinical Psychology, Roudehen Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran , Lotfi.kashani@riau.ac.ir
3- Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Roudehen Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (661 Views)
Introduction: Thoughts, impulses, or images that are distressing and intrusive characterize obsessive-compulsive disorder. On the other hand, obsessive beliefs are important in turning intrusive thoughts into obsessive thoughts.
Aim: This study aimed to present a structural model to explain obsessive beliefs among high school students, based on the symptoms of stress, anxiety, and depression, metacognitive beliefs, and self-esteem, considering the mediating role of inferential confusion.
Method: In this correlational study, the statistical population included all secondary high school students in Aligudarz, Lorestan Province, Iran, during the 2020-2021 academic years. A total of 300 individuals were selected using cluster sampling. Data were collected using the Obsessive Beliefs Questionnaire (OBQ-44), Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale (DASS-21), Metacognitions questionnaire-30 (MCQ-30), Inferential Confusion Questionnaire-Expanded Version (ICQ-EV), and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES). Data analysis was performed using structural equation modeling in SPSS-20 and AMOS-24.
Results: The goodness of fit indices of the measurements model (x2/df=3.12, RMSEA=0.084) supported the good fitness of the model. Also, the goodness of fit indices of the structural model (x2/df=2.24, RMSEA=0.064) indicated the good fit of the model for the collected data.
Conclusion: Based on the results, metacognitive beliefs, symptoms of stress, depression, and anxiety, and self-esteem are among factors affecting obsessive beliefs; inferential confusion plays a mediating role in their association with obsessive beliefs. Therefore, elimination or moderation of contributing factors is essential for correcting obsessive-compulsive beliefs.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2022/02/6 | Accepted: 2022/04/13 | Published: 2022/05/28

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