Volume 9, Issue 2 (Shenakht Journal of Psychology and Psychiatry 2022)                   Shenakht Journal of Psychology and Psychiatry 2022, 9(2): 160-174 | Back to browse issues page


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Alipour Gourand B, Azmoudeh M, Esmaielpour K, Hosseini Nasab S D. Investigate the mediating role of value orientation in predicting life satisfaction based on dark and light personality traits and emotional differentiation. Shenakht Journal of Psychology and Psychiatry. 2022; 9 (2) :160-174
URL: http://shenakht.muk.ac.ir/article-1-1388-en.html
Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran
Abstract:   (277 Views)
Introduction: Life satisfaction is influenced by personality traits, including dark and light personality traits, and emotional differentiation.
Aim: This study aimed to investigate the mediating role of value orientation in predicting life satisfaction based on dark and light personality traits and emotional differentiation.
Method: In this descriptive, correlational study, the structural equation modeling was applied. The statistical population consisted of people, referred to the health centers of Tabriz, Iran, in 2022. A total of 400 people were selected by the available sampling method. For data collection, the Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS) by Diner et al., Johnson & Webster's Dark Triad Personality (DTP) Questionnaire, Light Triple Personality (LTP) Questionnaire by Kaufman et al., Drake and Murdock’s Differentiation of Self Inventory-Short Form (DSI-SF), and Schwartz’s Value Survey (SVS) were used. For data analysis, the structural equation modeling in AMOS software was applied.
Results: The results indicated the direct significant role of dark (β=-0.38) and light (β=0.34) personality traits, as well as emotional differentiation (β=0.29) in predicting life satisfaction. Besides, an indirect relationship was found between these variables and life satisfaction, with the mediating role of value orientation (P<0.05).
Conclusion: The component of value orientation mediated the relationship between life satisfaction and dark/light personality traits and emotional differentiation. These findings can have practical implications for counselors and psychologists to increase life satisfaction.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2021/12/30 | Accepted: 2022/04/6 | Published: 2022/05/28

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