Volume 7, Issue 1 (Shenakht Journal of Psychology and Psychiatry 2020)                   Shenakht Journal of Psychology and Psychiatry 2020, 7(1): 117-125 | Back to browse issues page


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Yousefi F, Shahvesi S, Shahvesi M, Servatyari K. The prevalence of oppositional defiant disorder and related factors among students of primary schools in Sanandaj in 2014. Shenakht Journal of Psychology and Psychiatry 2020; 7 (1) :117-125
URL: http://shenakht.muk.ac.ir/article-1-691-en.html
1- Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
2- General Practice, Student Research Committee, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
3- Medical Student, Student Research Committee, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran , servatyarikaro@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (2972 Views)
Introduction: Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) includes children who have negatively oriented, aggressive behavior, capricious and disobedient to authority in during a minimum period of 6 months. Due to the difficulty in changing behavioral patterns in adulthood, early diagnosis can prevent potential threats in the future.
Aim: Determine the prevalence of oppositional defiant disorder and related factors among students in primary school in Sanandaj city in 2014.
Method: This study was a cross-sectional study. The study population consisted of primary school students living in the city of Sanandaj in 2014. The sample size based on Morgan's table was 377 people who were selected by stratified random sampling. Students who had other psychiatric disorders or had not informed consent were excluded from the study. Instruments of this study were Standard Child Symptom Inventory questionnaire. The questionnaire has two parent and teacher checklist. For data analysis, T-test and Pearson correlation coefficient were used.
Results: Among 377students, 62.6% (236 students) were male and 37.4% (141 students) were female. Results showed that the prevalence of ODD in respondents was 9.2%. In this study, there was no statistically significant relationship between ODD with age (P=0.8).There was no significant relationship (p≥0.14) between ODD and father's education, whereas, there was a significant relationship (p≤0.0001) between mothers' education and ODD (p≤0.001).
Conclusion: Due to the 2.9% prevalence of this disorder and its importance in shaping the personality and behavior of children, planning to reduce the risks posed by it, as well as the factors creating it, is necessary.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2019/11/14 | Accepted: 2020/02/22 | Published: 2020/03/29

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