Volume 10, Issue 2 (Shenakht Journal of Psychology and Psychiatry 2023)                   Shenakht Journal of Psychology and Psychiatry 2023, 10(2): 28-42 | Back to browse issues page


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Soltani Kouhbanani S, Zarenezhad S, Arabi S M. Psychometric properties of screen time questionnaire in children. Shenakht Journal of Psychology and Psychiatry 2023; 10 (2) :28-42
URL: http://shenakht.muk.ac.ir/article-1-1748-en.html
1- Assistant Professor, Department of Educational and Counseling Psychology, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran , S.soltani@um.ac.ir
2- MSc, Department of Educational and Counseling Psychology, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
3- Assistant Professor, Department of Motor Behavior, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran
Abstract:   (976 Views)
Introduction: Nowadays, the long-term use of screens leads to physical, cognitive, and behavioral injuries in children.
Aim: The present study was conducted to investigate the psychometric characteristics of the screen-time questionnaire in children.
Method: The present is applied in terms of objective and developmental in terms of methodology. The statistical population of the study comprised 90 children aged 8-12 years in Mashhad in 2021-2022 who were selected based on availability sampling method. The research tools included the Screen-time Questionnaire (2019) and Conners’ Questionnaire (1999). Test-retest reliability was used to measure the reliability of screen time questionnaire in children using the intra-class correlation coefficient and standard error of measurement. Moreover, the correlation between the scores of the components of the screen-time scale and the parental version of the Conners’ questionnaire was checked to verify the convergent validity.
Results: Intraclass correlation coefficient values for the components of children’s screen-time questionnaire on normal days of the week were between 0.80-0.92, weeknights between 0.79-0.90, and weekends between 0.78-0.85, while the use of the screen in the background was between 0.73-0.80. All these values indicated high reliability or favorable retest reliability of the screen-time questionnaire components in children. Furthermore, the results of convergent validity suggested that there is a positive and significant relationship between the components of the screen-time questionnaire and the lack of attention component at 0.01 level.
Conclusion: The results of this study revealed that the screen-time questionnaire is a reliable and valid tool for the quantitative evaluation of the use of electronic-screen devices in Iranian children. Therefore, this tool can be used for research and clinical applications in the field of cognitive disorders related to children.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2022/12/28 | Accepted: 2023/04/24 | Published: 2023/04/25

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