Volume 8, Issue 4 (Shenakht Journal of Psychology and Psychiatry 2021)                   Shenakht Journal of Psychology and Psychiatry 2021, 8(4): 110-123 | Back to browse issues page


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1- Ph.D Student of Psychology, Department of Psychology, University of Shahid Beheshti, Tehran, Iran
2- Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, University of Shahid Beheshti, Tehran, Iran , dr.bagherianfatemeh@gmail.com
3- Associate Professor, Family Research Institute, University of Shahid Beheshti, Tehran, Iran
4- Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, University of Shahid Beheshti, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (2414 Views)
Introduction: The epidemiology of adolescent self-harming behaviors is important. One of the common concerns today is the prevalence and persistence of self-injurious behaviors among adolescents.
Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and functions of self-harming behaviors in adolescents.
Method: The present study was a descriptive study. The statistical population of the study was all adolescents aged 15-18 in Sanandaj in the years 2018-2019. Sampling method was Cluster. Using the Klonsky and Glenn Self-Injurious Behaviors and Functions Scale, 1334 subjects (686 girls and 648 boys) were selected. Using Chi-square and Independent T-test statistical method, using SPSS software version 25.
Results: The results showed that the prevalence rate of self-injurious behaviors among girls and boys was 9.6% and 7.1%. Girls self-injurious behaviors were more invisible (Χ2=6.37, P<0.009) and irregular (Χ2=14.36, P<0.001) than boys. The highest frequency of self-injurious behaviors included: self-inflicted cutting, hitting and annoying self-talk. Also, the function of girls and boys self-injurious behaviors was intrapersonal and interpersonal (T=2.18, P<0.05).
Conclusion: The results of this study showed that the adolescent girls had more self-injurious behaviors than boys. And the prevalence of self-injurious behaviors in adolescents is increasing, which should be taken into account.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2021/06/15 | Accepted: 2021/08/30 | Published: 2021/09/28

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