Volume 8, Issue 2 (Shenakht Journal of Psychology and Psychiatry 2021)                   Shenakht Journal of Psychology and Psychiatry 2021, 8(2): 113-124 | Back to browse issues page


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Zarei S, Javan Esmaeili A. The mediating role of self-efficacy in the relationship between self- criticism and depression symptoms in University students. Shenakht Journal of Psychology and Psychiatry 2021; 8 (2) :113-124
URL: http://shenakht.muk.ac.ir/article-1-988-en.html
1- Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Lorestan University, Khorramabad, Iran , salman_zarei@yahoo.com
2- MA of Clinical Psychology, Department of Psychology,University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (2035 Views)
Introduction: The assessment of global mental health indicates a rise in mental disorders especially those related to depression.
Aim: Considering the high prevalence of depression symptoms and its serious implications, the aim of current study was to investigate the mediating role of self-efficacy in the relationship between self-criticism and depression.
Method: The research design was descriptive-correlational. Statitical population was dormitory male students at the University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran. A total of 270 students were selected via convenience sampling. Data was collected using General Self-efficacy Scale, Self- Criticising Scale, and Beck Depression Inventory-II. Hierarchical regression was used to analyze data via SPSS-21.
Results: Results showed that the relationship between self-criticism and depression (r=0.70, p<0.01) was significantly positive. On the other hand, self-efficacy and depression related to one another negatively (r=-0.47, p<0.01), as so did self-criticism and self-efficacy (r=-0.59, p<0.01). Results from hierarchical regression suggested self-efficacy not midiate the relationship between self-criticism and depression (P=0.096) although 49.6% of the depression variance was accounted by the two variables.
Conclusion: Overall, given the direct effect of self-criticism on depression, it is reasonable to expect that diminished self-criticism reduces depression among university students.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2021/01/29 | Accepted: 2021/04/4 | Published: 2021/05/29

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