Volume 3, Issue 1 (Shenakht Journal of Psychology and Psychiatry 2016)                   Shenakht Journal of Psychology and Psychiatry 2016, 3(1): 86-101 | Back to browse issues page

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1- Islamic Azad University Arak , Fereshte.vahdani@yahoo.com
2- Haeded of department of psycological advising of Students
Abstract:   (4131 Views)

Marriage is one of the five important phenomena in life that can be programmed after education and employed. The aime of this study was to standardization of the Taylor-Johnson Temperament Analysis for Iranian couples, determination of reliability and validity as well as providing quantitative and qualitative norms. The statistical sample includes candidates, the threshold marriages and couples who are living together under three years, respectively. The statistical sample consisted of 420 couples that among couples who were eligible for this study were selected randomly. The research tool was Taylor-Johnson Temperament Analysis which contains9 subscales of Nervous/ Composed (A), Depressive/Light-Hearted (B), Active-Social/Quiet (C), Expressive-Responsive/ Inhibited(D),Sympathetic/ Indifferent (E), Subjective/ Objective (F), Dominant/ Submissive (G), Hostile/Tolerant (H) and Self- Disciplined/ Impulsive (I). -. To validate the test, confirmatory factor analysis method and to determine the simultaneous validity the Pearson correlation were used. The Cronbach's alpha coefficient and test's split-half with Spearman-Brown correction were used for validation. The results showed that Taylor-Johnson scale for Iranian couples and families has high correlation with Enrich marital satisfaction scale. Cronbach's alpha coefficient was equal to 0.92 and test's split-half validity coefficient has been determined as 0.75 which is significant. Also in order to determine the quantitative norm, the overall average and standard deviation have been achieved by 256.56 and 50.192 respectively. To determine the qualitative norm for Taylor-Johnson Temperament Analysis, the cutoff points (interquartile deviation) is used and the quantitative norm has been determined too. The results of factor analysis revealed that this scale has good reliability and validity in Iranian couples population and 9 subscales it were confirmed. From these findings we can conclude that the Taylor-Johnson Temperament Analysis is a valid tool for premarital counseling.

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Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: Special
Received: 2016/06/7 | Accepted: 2016/07/17 | Published: 2016/07/17

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