Volume 10, Issue 3 (Shenakht Journal of Psychology and Psychiatry 2023)                   Shenakht Journal of Psychology and Psychiatry 2023, 10(3): 147-158 | Back to browse issues page


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Banari N, Entezari Khorasani Z, Balali M. Efficacy of cognitive attentional focus instructions and training schedule on cognitive performance in elderly men. Shenakht Journal of Psychology and Psychiatry 2023; 10 (3) :147-158
URL: http://shenakht.muk.ac.ir/article-1-1805-en.html
1- PhD Student, Department of Motor Behavior, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
2- Assistant Professor, Department of Motor Behavior, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran , Entezari.zahra66@gmail.com
3- Assistant Professor, Department of Motor Behavior, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (412 Views)
Introduction: Cognitive-motor skills form a large part of human life, and for many years researchers and educators have attempted to identify factors that influence their implementation.
Aim: The present study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of cognitive attentional focus instructions and exercise schedule on cognitive performance in elderly men.
Method: The present study was a semi-experimental method with a pretest-posttest design and 4 experimental groups. Sixty elderly men from Ahvaz city aged 60-80 years were selected by voluntary random sampling in 2020 and randomly divided into four experimental groups (variable practice-internal attention, variable practice-external attention, constant practice-external attention, and constant practice-internal attention). The dartboard attached to the wall served as a tool. The research groups had 10 sessions and each session consisted of 3 blocks of 10 trials. Thus, the test was performed 48 hours after the subjects' last training session. Data were analyzed using one-way ANOVA and mixed repeated measures analysis of variance.
Results: The results of one-way ANOVA showed that there was a significant difference between the groups in the posttest phase (P=0.001, F=11.43). Tukey's post hoc test was used to test the differences. The results showed a significant difference between the variable practice-external attention group with variable practice-internal attention (P=0.011), constant practice-external attention (P=0.001), and constant practice-internal attention (P=0.001) groups. However, no difference was found between the other study groups at this stage.
Conclusion: Based on the research results, the combined group with variable practice-external attention performed better than the other groups. Considering that the variable practice-external attention training group showed better cognitive performance, geriatric sneakers and professionals are recommended to use the combined advantage of these two methods in their training plans.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2023/01/15 | Accepted: 2023/06/19 | Published: 2023/07/26

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