Volume 9, Issue 3 (Shenakht Journal of Psychology and Psychiatry 2022)                   Shenakht Journal of Psychology and Psychiatry 2022, 9(3): 16-30 | Back to browse issues page

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Amani A, Ghaitasi J. Lived experiences of adolescents with post-traumatic stress disorder caused by Sarpol-e Zahab earthquake: a phenomenological study. Shenakht Journal of Psychology and Psychiatry. 2022; 9 (3) :16-30
URL: http://shenakht.muk.ac.ir/article-1-1456-en.html
MSc, Department of Counseling, University of Kurdistan, Sanandaj, Iran
Abstract:   (102 Views)
Introduction: Earthquake is one of the most important natural disasters that in addition to the destructive material effects, it also brings adverse psychological consequences for the victims; one of the most important of them is post-traumatic stress disorder.
Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the lived experiences of adolescents with post-traumatic stress disorder caused by Sarpol-e Zahab earthquake.
Method: The method of the present study was qualitative and with a descriptive phenomenological strategy. The statistical population of the study was adolescents with post-traumatic stress disorder caused by Sarpol-e Zahab earthquake in 2021. The sample consisted of 15 earthquake-stricken adolescents aged 13-19 years old with post-traumatic stress disorder who were selected by purposive sampling. The research tool was in-depth and semi-structured interviews. The obtained data were also analyzed by Colaizzi method.
Results: Participants’ citations were recorded, analyzed and coded by Colaizzi method, and finally 83 primary codes (semantic unit), 4 main themes (themes) and 25 sub-themes (categories) were obtained. The main themes included: sudden disruption of life, psychological problems, disorder in communication functions (social / family) and challenges related to spirituality.
Conclusion: The findings of this study showed that adolescent’s victims of earthquakes experience various crises and problems in different aspects of life such as: mental health, family and social life and spirituality, which need attention, and professional and specialized support.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2022/02/20 | Accepted: 2022/06/15 | Published: 2022/07/25

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